Snow Grooming Machine Trip
Gobustan & Mud Volcanoes tour is a half-day tour and designed for tourists and visitors who are interested in the Stone Age period of humanity, Unesco’s World Heritage and history, also tourists will have a chance to see a group of mud volcanoes, Bibiheybat mosque, and the world’s 1st industrially drilled oil well. The tour lasts 4-5 hours and is run on the 1st part of the day.
Whenever we reach to Gobustan area, we will change our transport ( because, the road leading to Mud Volcanoes is in bad condition, so only specific cars especially Russian cars can get there) and lead to the Mud Volcanoes. Home to nearly a third of the world’s mud volcano, Azerbaijan features a messy, bubbling, and sometimes explosive landscape. Mud volcanoes are closely associated with hydrocarbon and petrochemical stores underground, hence the gas trying to escape to the surface. A few of these gas leaks are constantly on fire, shooting small perpetual flames into the air and some believe that these perpetual flames are strongly connected to the appearance of the Zoroastrian religion in Azerbaijan some 2,000 years ago. Every 20 years or so, one of these mud/gas volcanoes will ignite deep below the surface and create a massive explosion. While generally not dangerous to people, as they are far outside of most city centers, it is believed that six shepherds and over 2,000 sheep were killed by a mud volcano in Bozdagh, Azerbaijan.
Gobustan Museum and Rocks After coming back from Mud Volcanoes we get back to our car and go first to the Gobustan museum, and after spending some time there we lead to the Gobustan Rock Art (open-air museum). Gobustan State Reserve located west of the settlement of Gobustan, about 40 miles southwest of the center of Baku was established in 1966 when the region was declared as a national historical landmark of Azerbaijan in an attempt to preserve the ancient carvings, mud volcanoes, and gas-stones in the region. Gobustan State Reserve is very rich in archeological monuments, the reserve has more than 6,000 rock carvings, which depict primitive people, animals, battle-pieces, ritual dances, bullfights, boats with armed oarsmen, warriors with lances in their hands, camel caravans, pictures of sun and stars, on the average dating back to 5,000-20,000 years.
On the way back from the Gobustan area we will pass through the Bibi-Heybat Mosque, where we will stop for a while. The Bibi-Heybat is a historical mosque in Baku, Azerbaijan. The existing structure, built in the 1990s, is a recreation of the mosque with the same name built in the 13th century by Shirvanshah Farrukhzad II Ibn Ahsitan II, which was completely destroyed by the Bolsheviks in 1936. Today the Bibi-Heybat Mosque is the spiritual center for the Muslims of the region and one of the major monuments of Islamic architecture in Azerbaijan.